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Outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan for the Machinery Industry (1)-China

A few days ago, by a development outline, 26 professional planning, 9 thematic planning composition of the machinery industry "fourteen five" plan in China Machinery Federation four eight members of the General Assembly released in full. Based on the new stage of development, the implementation of the new development concept, the machinery industry in the opening of a new journey to write a new chapter of the "fourteen five" quality development.


The following, on the "machinery industry" fourteen five "development outline" (hereinafter referred to as "development outline") key content for interpretation.


1. Scientific grasp and application of the system concept


The development outline" a total of six parts, mainly including the "thirteenth five-year" period of industry development, the main achievements, problems, the situation, guiding ideology and development goals, strategic tasks and measures proposed, the full text of about 22,000 words. The outline of development focuses on four principles.


--Adhere to the correct guiding ideology. That is, to adhere to the guiding ideology of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, to accurately grasp the theme of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, to guide the preparation of the plan in accordance with this core concept and basic strategy, and to ensure the correct direction of the industry's development.


--Establish a new international perspective. Put the development of the industry in the context of the times, study in depth the characteristics of the situation of the unprecedented changes of the century, and face various risks and challenges soberly; put the development of the industry in the national development strategy, the new pattern of double-cycle development and the realization of the "two hundred years" goal to position, recognize the mission of the industry, identify the gaps and problems, and put forward strategic tasks and development goals in a targeted manner. The strategic tasks and development goals are proposed.


--Use scientific preparation methods. We will insist on starting from the actual situation, market-oriented and problem-oriented, take industrial foundation and industrial chain research as the core, carefully evaluate the achievements and experience of the 13th Five-Year Plan, identify the problems, condense expert opinions and reflect the demands of enterprises, and at the same time pay attention to the convergence with national and ministerial development plans and industrial policies, so as to fully reflect the plan's The plan is targeted, oriented and operable.


--Construct a tight planning system. The Development Outline is more macro and guiding, while the professional and thematic plans are more specific and operable, in an attempt to provide the industry with a high-quality development blueprint that has all the points, facets and details.


2."The "three new" is the logical main line of development of the machinery industry in the "14th Five-Year Plan


The so-called "three new" is the new development stage, new development concept and new development pattern. Development Outline" to "three new" as the main line, summed up the mechanical industry "fourteen five" period of development program, forming a guiding ideology of the three levels.


--The new development stage is to start a new journey of building a comprehensive socialist modern state, and this level answers the question of our direction of struggle, that is, "to promote the advanced industrial base, modernize the industrial chain, forge a more solid industrial foundation, and establish an independent and controllable, safe and efficient industrial chain supply chain".


--The new development concept is the five major development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, and this level answers the question of what path we should take to meet the new development stage, i.e. "to promote high-quality development, with deepening structural reform on the supply side as the main line, adhering to innovation-driven development, strengthening the status of enterprises as the mainstay of innovation, adhering to quality first and prioritising efficiency, and effectively transforming the mode of development".


--This level clarifies the mission and responsibility of our machinery industry, that is, "to implement the strategic deployment of manufacturing power, promote the machinery industry to achieve higher quality, more more efficient, more sustainable and safer development, the construction of a modern industrial system of machinery industry, to build a new development pattern to provide strong equipment support".


3. Development goals are mainly qualitative, guiding the whole industry based on the current, long-term focus


The fourth session of the 13th National People's Congress adopted the "People's Republic of China's national economic and social development of the fourteenth five-year plan and the outline of the 2035 vision", and did not put forward a clear growth rate target, but stressed that "the average annual growth of gross domestic product to remain in a reasonable range", while putting forward a At the same time, the strategic requirement of "maintaining the basic stability of the proportion of manufacturing industries" was put forward.


As the material and technological basis for the modernisation of the national economy and national defence, the machinery industry accounts for more than 20% of the national industry and nearly a quarter of the manufacturing industry, making it a fundamental and pillar industry. Taking all factors into consideration, the Development Outline also de-emphasises the growth rate and adopts a qualitative formulation with a quantitative approach for the 14th Five-Year Plan and the development targets to 2035, and echoes the national development targets for the manufacturing industry, proposing that "the growth rate of industrial added value of the whole industry The growth rate of industrial value added of the whole industry is higher than the growth rate of the manufacturing industry, contributing to maintaining the basic stability of the proportion of the manufacturing industry". In doing so, it is more conducive to enhancing the flexibility of development and guiding all parties to focus on improving the quality and efficiency of development.


Around the overall goal, the "development outline" further refine the "fourteen five" objectives, for the first time the industrial base capacity and the level of the industrial chain as a specific goal, a detailed outline of the next five years the machinery industry needs to develop the key.


Echoing the national master plan, the "Development Outline" also puts forward the 2035 vision, the core of which is "basically built a modern industrial system of machinery industry", 15 years later, with the further improvement of comprehensive technical strength, China will "enter the middle level of the global machinery manufacturing power camp ".


4. Implementation of the new development concept, to promote high-quality development as the theme


The 19th Party Congress report points out that China's economy has shifted from a stage of high-speed growth to a stage of high-quality development, and is in the process of transforming the mode of economic development, optimizing the economic structure, and changing the growth momentum of the critical period. This is a scientific judgment made in accordance with the changes in China's development stage, development environment and development conditions. High-quality development" is not only the stage of development of the machinery industry in the coming period of time, but also the inevitable requirements, it is only natural to become the theme of the plan, "Development Outline" not only in the guiding ideology clearly put forward, in the development goals, strategic tasks part is a consistent.


After years of development, China's machinery industry has basically built a complete range of categories, large scale, with a certain level of technology, a complete industrial system. From the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" to the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", China's machinery industry from years of continuous high-speed growth into the transformation and upgrading, structural adjustment of the main tone of the medium-speed growth, with the slowdown of the development rate, many potential problems gradually exposed, the urgent need to change the past Relatively sloppy development to solve.


For China's machinery industry, "high-quality development" is to emphasize quality rather than speed, emphasizing development rather than growth. Embodied in the development mode, it is from the main rely on increased consumption of material resources to achieve the sloppy high-speed growth, change to rely mainly on technological progress, improve management and improve the quality of labor to achieve intensive growth; reflected in the product structure, that is, by the low technology content, low value-added products mainly to high technology content, high value-added products; reflected in the economic efficiency, that is, by the high cost, low efficiency to low-cost, high-efficiency products. In terms of economic efficiency, it is a change from high cost and low benefit to low cost and high benefit.

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